Saskatchewan Examiner

Thursday, December 7, 2023

A decades-old Canadian study on breast cancer is flawed: Report

Breast cancer screening guidelines for women aged 40 to 49 shouldn’t require a yearly mammogram, reveals a study.

  • Newspaper questions Breast Cancer guidelines for women in their 40s, as evidence proves the decades-old study to be flawed.
  • Some lumps discovered in the mammogram, aren’t cancerous but a biopsy should be done – Scientists.
  • The study conducted in the 1980s is no longer the yardstick for breast cancer guidelines.
Experts believe that not all lumps are dangerous or cancerous for women in their 40s. If found, one could do a biopsy.

A newspaper calls into query a decades-old Canadian examine that has informed breast cancer screening pointers for ladies of their 40s across the world, which usually do now no longer suggest a yearly mammogram.

The commentary — co-written via way of means of researchers at The Ottawa Hospital, Sunnybrook Research Institute in Toronto, the University of Alberta, Harvard Medical School, and the University of British Columbia — could be posted withinside the Journal of Medical Screening this week.

It especially points to randomization problems with the Canadian National Breast Screening Study (CNBSS), at the start carried out withinside the 1980s, which concerned tens of hundreds of ladies and in the end passed off in 15 one-of-a-kind city facilities throughout the country.

The randomized trials got down to deciding whether or not or now no longer screening helped save ladies’ lives. In the primary examine, ladies elderly forty to forty-nine had been randomly assigned to get hold of mammograms or positioned in a control organization in which that they’d a single physical exam, with all contributors observed up for numerous years.

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Throughout the study, there had been 38 deaths from breast cancer withinside the mammography organization and 28 amongst individuals who did not get hold of mammogram screenings.

As a result, Canadian researchers concluded that annual screening in ladies elderly forty to forty-nine at common threat does now no longer lessen breast cancer mortality any greater than a bodily exam.

The study has long gone on to tell pointers each right here and across the world. The maximum latest pointers issued via way of means of the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care nonetheless do now no longer suggest screenings for ladies in that age organization.

A key problem of in advance screening is the threat of fake positives and over-diagnosis. Some lumps are not cancerous or dangerous to ladies, however, if discovered, might require a biopsy.

Experts have warned any type of breast cancer treatment — whether or not or not it’s radiation, chemotherapy, or surgery — can also additionally deliver harm.

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